Gender-Based Violence: Using Behavior Change Communication to Alleviate the Vice
By Edith Mecha
Gender-based violence, now replete with almost insurmountable secrecy, is an issue whose free discussion most people tread, opting instead to whisper about it in subdued tones as if it’s a distant scourge, thereby encouraging an uncanny silence around it. It is a practice deeply rooted in gender inequality and one of the most notable global human rights violations. It knows no social, economic or national boundaries. It can be perpetrated by an intimate partner, a family member, a neighbor, an acquaintance or a stranger. According to the UN Women, one in three women experiences physical or sexual abuse in her lifetime. That’s serious! Indeed, we need to act now to reach out to everyone to provide recourse for more than a half of the earth’s population. The elimination of this vice is now increasingly recognized as a priority for the international community.
Most research findings indicate that there is a greater awareness regarding violence against women, but behaviors have changed little. "What needs to be done?" is partially the objective of this presentation.
It’s not intended to provide a one-size-fits-all wherewithal for dealing with this adversity, but to trigger an awakening sensitivity to variously find recourse for the victims by an all-encompassing participatory approach for the benefit of society. Behavior change communication is one of the key tools that, if well utilized, can be useful in alleviating gender-based violence. Do you think behavior change communication has enough bandwidth of inducing societal change of norms and values that encourage this practice?
I believe it does. Take for instance employing advocacy strategies that engage men and boys as advocates and ambassadors for agitating for respect and protection of women. Engaging them in changing the existing communities’ attitudes and beliefs around gender norms, patriarchy and masculinity. Some GBV organizations have used this strategy and there are some notable behavior impacts. The Coexist Initiative in Kenya works directly with men to end violence against women and girls. UN Women Brazil’s “Brave is not Violent” campaign partnered with soccer teams to engage men and boys and stimulate a change in attitudes and belief. There are also successful campaigns like the UN’s HeForShe movement “Orange the World: #HearMeToo,” that includes men and boys to become agents of change for the achievement of gender equality.
We can start by advocating for legal frameworks and using dialogue as a tool for changing social and cultural attitudes to remove barriers to women’s participation in wider society. Raising awareness, disseminating information on gender-sensitive human rights methodologies, media and communications campaigns like the Me too movement, and extensive efforts directed towards building non-violent, gender-sensitive curricula in primary and secondary educational institutions.
Another method could be using Affirmative administrative communication involving the county administration, the court system and the community. The court system could hand down GBV perpetrators judgements that reform rather than incarcerate them. Behavior change communication initiatives like civic education can also be channeled through mass media outlets. Working with the national media to sensitize journalists (and the public), to the causes and consequences of GBV to improve reporting.
Entertainment communication through sessions of storytelling, traditional music, dances, local performances in remote villages on GBV issues has also led to some behavior change. An example is a Men’s Story Project that is using storytelling and community dialogue to explore social ideas about masculinity.
With the right mix of appropriate multiple communication approaches we can foster individual and social change. What communication approaches are you using to alleviate GBV? I would like to hear them and learn from you. Please share them.